Alternative Dispute Resolution
Administrative completeness check
A preliminary check of the applications in order do confirm that the applicant has correctly filled out the application.
Anycast has the advantage of having multiple machines in multiple locations, which minimizes the possibility of denial of service (DOS) attacks. An Anycast server consists of multiple name servers placed at various different locations but uses one IP address to connect all these servers to the Internet. Since these different computers are located in different parts of the world and end-users using this service connect to the nearest server, an outage of one of the servers minimizes impact on the global access to the provided service. We will choose an Anycast provider that has a name server platform rolled out closest to the end-user but with an as broad as possible area covered.
Border Gate Protocol
Country Code Top Level Domain
Domain Availability Service
Distributed Denial of Service attack
Refers to a process which applies to applicants whose applications are the subject of a formal objection.
Domain Name System
Domain Name System Security Extension
Denial of Service attack
Extensible Provisioning Protocol
An evaluation of the application which can be requested by an applicant who does not pass the Initial Evaluation. An applicant must be deemed eligible for an Extended Evaluation by ICANN.
Generic Top Level Domain
Internationalised Domain Names
The first evaluation process for a New gTLD Application. The Initial Evaluation consists of a review of the applied-for string, the applicants qualifications, and applicants proposed registry services.
Internet Protocol Version 6
Network Address Translation
A period in of the New gTLD Application Process in which parties can file an objection toward a particular application on the following four grounds: string confusion, legal rights, morality and public order, community objection
Pretty Good Privacy
A period in in the early stages of the Application process which allows the public to bring relevant information and attention to the application examiners
The individual or organization that registers a specific domain name with a registrar.
Company or organisation that provides direct services to domain name registrants
The Top of The Domain Name System (DNS) hierarchy.
Start of Authority
Structured Query Language
Shared Registration System
Secure Socket Layer
When more than one qualified application is for the same or a similar gTLD string, the applicants are said to be in String Contention.
The period of time at the launch of a new top-level domain or second-level domain during which owners of trademarks may register a domain name containing the owned mark.
TAS (Top-Level-Domain Application System).
TAS refers to the online interface which ICANN proposes to implement for the processing of New TLD Applications.
Top Level Domain
Transport Layer Security
Transition to delegation
The process after an applicant has successfully cleared the initial evaluation, and other applicable stages. During this process, the applicant is required to complete a few additional steps such as the execution of the registry agreement with ICANN and pass all pre-delegation tests.
Time to live
Universal Resource Locator
Unified Rapid Suspension Procedure
The technical service for identifying who owns and operates a domain name
Extensible Markup Language
A text file that describes a portion of the domain name system (DNS) called a DNS zone. A zone contains information that defines mappings between domain names and IP addresses and other resources, organized in form of resource records (RR).